Rizal in Hong Kong

Ophthalmologist Business Card of Doctor Jose Rizal from Hong Kong End of 19 Century


During his execution, a doctor tried to read Rizal’s heartbeat and blood pressure, the result was normal! Did he not feel afraid or frightened?! Or has he really been preparing for that a long time.
Following Rizal’s life and writings, it seems Jose Rizal really knew where his fate would end. He was really an architect, he has drawn where he was going, He was really an eye-doctor, he kinda saw what was happening.

Jose Rizal’s Son

Did Jose Rizal have a son? Did the genius hero have an heir? Dr. Jose Rizal was a freaking genius; he must have an heir so that his special genes and thousand of talents will continue from generation to generation.
“Unfortunately, Rizal and Josephine were not destined to have a child. One day in early March 1896, Rizal played a practical joke on Josephine, which frightened her terribly. As a result of her great fright, she gave birth prematurely to an eight-month baby boy.
The baby was very weak and was gasping for breath. Seeing the baby’s condition, Rizal immediately baptized him Francisco in honor of his father. He did everything he could to save the life of his infant son, but in vain. All his knowledge and skill as a physician could not save little Francisco. Sorrowfully, Rizal saw his child die three hours after birth.

Josephine Bracken

Did Jose Rizal really marry Josephine Bracken? Scholars say that there were no written accounts of the marriage between Rizal and Josephine, but Josephine claims that Rizal actually married him a day before his execution.

Some even says Josephine was a spy of the Spanish government.

One thing is for sure, Jose Rizal loved Josephine. He wrote some poems about her and his love for her. I think these controversies about Josephine Bracken are unreasonable. Every hero deserves a lover that is without a question.

Jose Rizal's Retraction

This has been the greatest controversy and most talked about and most debated about Rizal. Below is Rizal’s retraction letter originally written in Spanish translated into English. However the said retraction has some sorts of copy issues…quote issues and formula issues. Whether Jose Rizal has retracted or not, that’s still not proven.
I declare myself a catholic and in this Religion in which I was born and educated I wish to live and die.

El Filibusterismo - The Reign of Greed

El Filibusterismo

The second novel of Rizal, the continuation of Noli me Tangere, It was first published in 1891 in Ghent, Belgium, also written in Spanish, and soon been translated. El Filibusterismo has an English alternate title, The Reign of Greed, is a deeper depiction of what the first novel has symbolized and is about revenge and revolution. This novel was dedicated to the three-martyr-priest, GOMBURZA. Rizal however has written his dedication in memory of the three priests with their age and the date of their execution all wrongly.

Noli me Tangere

Jose Rizal’s first novel, Noli me Tangere, means “don't touch me” or “touch me not” is the Latin version of words spoken, according to John 20:17, by Jesus to Mary Magdalene when she recognizes him after his resurrection. The book was first published in 1887 in Berlin, Germany, originally written in Spanish but later been translated to different languages and made copies distributed around the world.
The title was controversial, and the novel itself created so much controversy that only a few days after his arrival in the Philippines, Jose Rizal was summoned the greatest enemy of the state in the 19th century. They even called him, a freemason, a sorcerer, a damned soul and evil. The novel depicted the Spanish abuse government to the Philippines.

Many characters in the Noli personify Rizal. Like Ibarra, Pilosopong Tasyo and Elias. But the last part portrays Rizal execution as if he already knew he’d be executed…

The Banaue Rice Terraces

The Banaue Rice Terraces (Filipino: Hagdan-hagdang Palayan ng Banawe) are 2,000-year-old terraces that were carved into the mountains of Ifugao in the Philippines by ancestors of the indigenous people. The Rice Terraces are commonly referred to by Filipinos as the "Eighth Wonder of the World". It is commonly thought that the terraces were built with minimal equipment, largely by hand. The terraces are located approximately 1500 metres (5000 ft) above sea level. They are fed by an ancient irrigation system from the rainforests above the terraces. It is said that if the steps were put end to end, it would encircle half the globe.

Locals to this day still plant rice and vegetables on the terraces, although more and more younger Ifugaos do not find farming appealing, often opting for the more lucrative hospitality industry generated by the terraces[citation needed]. The result is the gradual erosion of the characteristic "steps", which need constant reconstruction and care. In 2010, a further problem was drought, with the terraces drying up completely in March of that year

Boracay Island Philippines

Boracay is a small island in the Philippines located approximately 315 km (196 mi) south of Manila and 2 km off the northwest tip of Panay Island in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. Boracay Island and its beaches have received awards from numerous travel publications and agencies. The island comprises the barangays of Manoc-Manoc, Balabag, and Yapak in the municipality of Malay, in Aklan Province. The island is administered by the Philippine Tourism Authority and the provincial government of Aklan. Apart from its white sand beaches, Boracay is also famous for being one of the world's top destinations for relaxation. It is also emerging among the top destinations for tranquility and nightlife.

oracay was originally home to the Ati tribe. Boracay Island was already an inhabited place before the Spaniards came to the Philippines. It was known to the Iberian conquerors as Buracay. At the time of contact with the Europeans, Buracay had a population of one hundred people, who cultivated rice on the island and augmented their income by raising goats.

Sagada, Mt. Province - Hanging Coffins

Photo by: Aldrin J. Garces
While numerous societies cover their dead outside of anyone's ability to see underneath a memorial gravestone or a plaque, a few social orders in China, Indonesia and the Philippines have been hanging their precursors conspicuously on bluff appearances for a considerable length of time. Sagada in the Mountain Province of the Philippines is one area where the act of hanging coffins proceeds right up 'til the present time.

Mission Failed: Imelda Marcos Assasination

December 7, 1972, assassin Carlito Dimahilig attempted to
kill former First Lady Imelda Marcos live on TV?

The shocking event happened during an open-air awarding
ceremony that was part of Imelda’s National Beautification and Cleanliness
contest. One of the recipients, Carlito Dimahilig, lined up to directly receive
the award from the First Lady. He was approximately 27 years old and 5’2″ in
height at the time of the incident.

Then, without any warning, Dimahilig drew his bolo knife and
tried to stab Imelda Marcos to death. Luckily, Marcos was quick to cover her
chest with her arms. By doing so, she was able to protect her vital organs from
the direct assault–an action that proved to be life-saving in the end.

NO SURRENDER - My Thirty Year War

Hiroo Onoda was only 20 years old and working at a trading
company in China when he was called up to join the army.

After passing the physical exam, he immediately quit his job
and returned to Japan in August, 1942.

During the training, Onoda was chosen to become part of the
Imperial Army intelligence school where he was taught how to conduct guerilla
warfare. He then left Japan to join the Sugi Brigade in the Lubang Island,


The origin of Baguio’s lion head is as colorful as the history of the road where it currently stands. When the Americans conquered the Cordillera highland in the 1900s, they had a hard time reaching the Benguet mountains. Establishing a short route to these mountains would greatly boost the local economy, so the American  government soon launched an expensive road project, much to the dismay of politicians in Washington D.C.

The Benguet Road (Kennon Road’s original name) was the most expensive engineering work at that time; it had cost the government a  total of $2.7 million, considered excessive for that period.

Despite the controversies, the project pushed through. The American government commissioned Maj. Lyman W. Kennon to complete the  construction in 1905. Later, then Governor General Leonard Wood issued an executive order naming the road after Kennon.

Jose Rizal's Last Words

JOSE RIZAL a Filipino writer could read and write at the age of 2, and grew up to speak more than 20 languages. WHAT WERE HIS LAST WORDS??


Philippines: Discovered? or REDISCOVERED?


The words 'discovered' or 'rediscovered' are misleading and cause confusion. IT'S BETTER TO SAY, "MAGELLAN CAME TO THE PHILIPPINES"

Truth About Philippine Flag

Fallacies :

The color of the flag is RED for BRAVERY


According to the Act of Declaration of Independence in the Philippines, the colors of the flag COMMEMORATE  THE United States FLAG

Gay In Katipunan

It was not answered clearly BUT according to MR. XIAO CHUA(HISTORIAN; PROFESSOR IN DLSU) 

It is possible! because when there's a secret meeting in Katipunan most of the Katipuneros are dressed like a girl in order to escape the Spaniard Soldier, also known as CROSS DRESSING. 


According again to Mr. CHUA, he assumed TRINIDAD TECSON is a lesbian because when she's young she was interested in boys stuff  also Tecson as we all know was one of the leader of Revolution in the times of Katipunan. 

Bataan Death March 1942

The Bataan Death March which began on April 9, 1942, was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II. All told, approximately 2,500–10,000 Filipino and 100–650 American prisoners of war died before they could reach their destination at Camp O'Donnell.The reported death tolls vary, especially amongst Filipino POWs, because historians cannot determine how many prisoners blended in with the civilian population and escaped. The march went from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga. From San Fernando, survivors were loaded to a box train and were brought to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.

The 60 mi (97 km) march was characterized by wide-ranging physical abuse and murder, and resulted in very high fatalities inflicted upon prisoners and civilians alike by the Japanese Army. It was later judged by an Allied military commission to be a Japanese war crime

The Battle of Leyte Gulf Video

Martial Law Ferdinand Marcos Time Documentary

US Army in WWII: Battle of Manila, Philippines

Worse Than The Titanic: Documentary on the Dona Paz Ship Sinking Disaster

Bloody War with the Japanese Invaders - The Philippines Hell WWII

Philippines From The Sky

Places: Laoag, White Beach - Puerto Galera, General Luna - Siargao Island, El Nido, Coron

Kingdom of Tondo

Tondo, (also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, Lusung) was a fortified kingdom which was located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig River, on Luzon island. It is one of the settlements mentioned by the Philippines' earliest historical record, the LagunaCopperplate Inscription.

Originally an Indianized kingdom in the 10th century, Tondo built upon and capitalized on being central to the long-existing ancient regional trading routes throughout the archipelago to include among others,

Laguna Copperplate Inscription

During the period of the south Indian Pallava dynasty and the north Indian Gupta Empire Indian culture spread to Southeast Asia and the Philippines which led to the establishment of Indianized kingdoms. The end of Philippine prehistory is 900. The date inscribed in the oldest Philippine document found so far, the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. From the details of the document, written in Kawi script, the bearer of a debt, Namwaran, along with his children Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are cleared of a debt by the ruler of Tondo. From the various Sanskrit terms and titles seen in the document, the culture and society of Manila Bay was that of a Hindu–Old Malay amalgamation, similar to the cultures of Java, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra at the time. There are no other significant documents from this period of pre-Hispanic Philippine society and culture until the Doctrina Christiana of the late 16th century, written at the start of the Spanish period in both native Baybayin script and Spanish. Other artifacts with Kawi script and baybayin were found, such as an Ivory seal from Butuan dated to the early 11th century and the Calatagan pot with baybayin inscription, dated to the 13th century.

Ancient Kadatuan or Tumao

Kedatuan or ancient spelling Kadatuan (Javanese spelling: Kedaton) were historical semi-independent city-states or principalities throughout ancient Maritime Southeast Asia in present-day Indonesia, Malaysia, and parts of the Philippines. In a modern Malay and Indonesian sense, they could be described as kingdoms or polities.

The term Kadatuan in Old Malay means "the realm of Datu" or "the residence of Datu". Constructed from old Malay stem word Datu with circumfix ke- -an to denote place. It derived from Datu or Datuk, an ancient Austronesian title and position for regional leader or elder that is used throughout Maritime Southeast Asia. It was mentioned in several inscriptions such as 7th century Srivijayan Old Malay Telaga Batu inscription and 14th century Sundanese Astana Gede inscription. In wider sense it could refer to the whole principality, on smaller sense however, it could refer to palace where Datu resides.

Kedatuan is known and widely spread in the Malay speaking region, including the east coast of Sumatra, the Minangkabau lands, the Malay peninsula, the Borneo coast and the Filipino archipelago. In Javanese, the term Ratu is used instead of Datu, thus in Java Karaton, Keraton or Kraton is used instead of Kedaton to describe the residence of regional leader. The term is also known in Java as Kedaton, the meaning however, has shifted to architectural term to refer to the inner compound of the living quarter inside keraton (palace) complex

A Golden Statuette of the Hindu-Buddhist goddess "Kinari"

A golden statuette of the Hindu-Buddhist goddess "Kinari" found in an archeological dig in Esperanza, Agusan del Sur.

The Philippines's archaeological finds include many ancient gold artifacts. Most of them have been dated to belong to the 9th century.

The artifacts reflect the iconography of the Srivijaya empire’s Vajrayana Buddhism and its influences on the Philippines’s early states. The artifacts’s distinct features point to their production in the islands. It is probable that they were made locally because archaeologist Peter Bellwood discovered the existence of an ancient goldsmith’s shop that made the 20-centuries-old lingling-o, or omega-shaped gold ornaments in Batanes.

Prehistory of the Philippines

The earliest archeological evidence for man in the archipelago is the 67,000-year-old Callao Man of Cagayan and the Angono Petroglyphs in Rizal, both of whom appear to suggest the presence of human settlement prior to the arrival of the Negritos and Austronesian speaking people.

There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around 48,000 to 5000 BC rather than by wide-scale migration. The Austronesian Expansion Theory states that Malayo-Polynesians coming from Taiwan began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals.

The Negritos were early settlers, but their appearance in the Philippines has not been reliably dated. They were followed by speakers of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, a branch of the Austronesian languages, who began to arrive in successive waves beginning about 4000 BC, displacing the earlier arrivals Before the expansion out of Taiwan, recent archaeological, linguistic and genetic evidence has linked Austronesian speakers in Insular Southeast Asia to cultures such as the Hemudu and Dapenkeng in Neolithic China.

Philippines History: The Beginning

The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or primitive boats, at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man showed. The first recorded visit from the West is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, who sighted the island of Samar Island on March 16, 1521 and landed on Homonhon Island (now part of Guiuan, Eastern Samar province) the next day. Homonhon Island is southeast of Samar Island.
Before Magellan arrived, Negrito tribes inhabited the isles, who were subsequently joined and largely supplanted by migrating groups of Austronesians. This population had stratified into hunter-gatherer tribes, warrior societies, petty plutocracies and maritime-oriented harbor principalities which eventually grew into kingdoms, rajahnates, principalities, confederations and sultanates. The Philippine islands were greatly influenced by Hindu religions, literature and philosophy from India in the early centuries of the Christian era. States included the Indianized Rajahnate of Butuan and Cebu, the dynasty of Tondo, the august kingdoms of Maysapan and Maynila, the Confederation of Madyaas, the sinified Country of Mai, as well as the Muslim Sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao. These small maritime states flourished from the 1st millennium.These kingdoms traded with what are now called China, India, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, and IndonesiThe remainder of the settlements were independent Barangays allied with one of the larger states.